We often assume that the American Revolution ended in October 1781, after Lord Cornwallis surrendered his British army at Yorktown. In fact, the war effectively continued for two more traumatic years. During that time, the Revolution came as close to being lost as any time since it began. These were years during which political and personal tensions paralyzed the British government and the American Congress. Loyalists fearing a Patriot victory fled America to seek refuge in other parts of the Empire. When Congress failed to pay the army, rumors of mutiny roiled through the ranks culminating in the General's legendary address to his officers on March 15, 1783. At that moment, Washington saved the republic.
Dr. William M. Fowler Jr.
William Morgan Fowler, Jr. is a professor of history at Northeastern University, Boston and an author. He served as Director of the Massachusetts Historical Society from 1998 through 2005.
William Fowler is the author of a number of books dealing with American history including: Under Two Flags: The Navy in the Civil War; Silas Talbot Captain of the Old Ironsides; co author America and The Sea; William Ellery: A Rhode Island Politico and Lord of Admiralty; Rebels Under Sail: The Navy in the Revolution; Jack Tars and Commodores: The American Navy, 1783-1815; Samuel Adams: Radical Puritan; Empires at War: The French and Indian War and The Struggle for North America, 1754-1763.