The G-8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of WMD: A Case Study ofSummit-Sponsored Initiatives. Panelists include Bonnie D. Jenkins, US Department of State, Sabine Nolke, Canada Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Paul Walker, Global Green USA. Chaired by Emma Belcher, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation."
Emma Belcher is a Program Officer in the International Peace and Security program at the MacArthur Foundation. Prior to MacArthur she was a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Emma has worked as an advisor to the Australian prime minister and cabinet on national security and international affairs, and as a public affairs officer at the Australian embassy in Washington, DC. She has a Ph.D. and MALD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and a B.A. (Hons) from the University of Melbourne. While completing her Ph.D. she was a Fellow in the International Security Program and Project on Managing the Atom at Harvard Universityâ€™s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
Bonnie D. Jenkins
Ambassador Jenkins currently serves as the State Department's Coordinator for Threat Reduction Programs in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN/TR). She is the State Department lead on the Nuclear Security Summit and she coordinates State Department activities related to the four-year effort to secure all vulnerable nuclear material. She is also the current Chair and US Representative to the G-8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Ambassador Jenkins coordinates Department of State Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) programs as well as a number of interagency CTR programs to help ensure a coordinated US approach when promoting these programs internationally. She also works closely with nongovernmental organizations engaged in CTR activities and with foreign government and multilateral initiatives dedicated to threat reduction. Ambassador Jenkins most recently served as the Program Officer for US Foreign and Security Policy at the Ford Foundation. She has also served as counsel on the "9-11 Commission"; was the lead Commission staff member on counterterrorism policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and on US military plans targeting al Qaeda prior to 9-11; served as General Counsel to the US Commission to assess the organization of the federal government to combat proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; and served as a consultant to the 2000 National Commission on Terrorism. She also worked at the RAND Corporation in their National Security Division. A retired Naval Reserve Officer, she recently completed a yearlong deployment to US Central Command (CENTCOM). She has received numerous awards in her time as an officer in the US Naval Reserves.
Sabine E. Nölke
Ms. Nölke is Director General of the Major Programs Bureau at Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. She has served as Director, Human Rights and Economic Law Division, United Nations; Deputy Director, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Section, United Nations; with the Canadian Delegation to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna; as Counsel, Legal Affairs Bureau, UN Criminal and Treaty Law Division/Humanitarian and Human Rights Law Section; with the Canadian High Commission, London/UK; and Counsel, Legal Affairs Bureau, Humanitarian and Human Rights Law Section. Ms. NÃ¶lke is a Member of the Canadian Council of International Law and Associate Member of the Professional Association of Foreign Service Officers. She holds an LL.M. (Public International Law), London School of Economics; LL.B, University of Western Ontario; M.A. (English Literature), University of Western Ontario; and B.A. (Hons English and German Literature), University of Western Ontario.
Paul F. Walker
Paul Walker is the International Director of the Environmental Security and Sustainability (ESS) Program for Green Cross International (GCI) and manages the Washington, DC, office for GCI and its US national affiliate, Global Green USA. The ESS Program, formerly known as the Legacy of the Cold War Program, is an international effort to facilitate and advocate the safe and sound demilitarization, nonproliferation, and remediation of nuclear, chemical, biological, and conventional weapons stockpiles. Walker is a former Professional Staff Member of the Armed Services Committee in the US House of Representatives where he served as a senior advisor to the chairman and full committee. Walker holds a Ph.D. in security studies from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an M.A. from Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies, a Russian Honors Certificate from the Defense Language Institute of the West Coast, and a Post-Doctoral Fellowship from the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. He is also a Vietnam-era US Army veteran. Walker has worked, spoken, and published widely in the areas of international security, threat reduction, nonproliferation, and weapons demilitarization for over three decades; and took part in the first on-site inspection by US officials of the Russian chemical weapons stockpile at Shchuch'ye in the Kurgan Oblast in 1994. Since that time, he has worked closely with the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), US and Russian officials, the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program, the G-8 Global Partnership, and other multilateral regimes to help foster cooperative, timely, and safe elimination of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and related systems. In December 2009 at the 14th Conference of the States Parties in The Hague, he led the effort to establish the CWC Coalition, an international NGO network to support the Chemical Weapons Convention and OPCW. He is also a founding member of the Fissile Material Working Group (FMWG) which supported the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit. Recent articles include "Abolishing Chemical Weapons: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities" in Arms Control Today (November 2010) and "The Legacy of Reykjavik and the Future of Nuclear Disarmament" (with Jonathan Hunt) in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (December 2011).
Paul Walker of Green Cross International details the many problems encountered when trying to dispose of chemical and biological weapon stockpiles. From degraded weapons, to contaminated dump sites, to the sheer quantity, the legacy of twentieth-century warfare remains a danger.