From new combat weapons like drones, robotics, and biotech to new forms of fighting like cyberwar, the accelerating dynamic of technological change presents complex challenges to international law that strain (sometimes to the breaking point) existing humanitarian law frameworks. Responses range from new weapon-specific treaties to innovative forms of coordinated international oversight. But ad hoc or piecemeal approaches that lag behind the pace of change may prove inadequate. This roundtable brings together the premier American and international theorists of IHL strategies for the evolving modern day battlefield to discuss the legal, philosophical, and ethical challenges inherent in the spectrum of new technologies.Which problems is international law particularly well-suited to solve? Which seem to defy its regulation? What tools does international law have to manage this complexity? Where are best practices emerging? What has our profession learned in the last half-century? Is law, with its emphasis on rules and stability, conceptually and functionally capable of responding to the challenges of complexity? If not, how should law react? What do experts from outside the legal profession, from technology, finance, counterinsurgency, climate science, and risk, believe law can add? During the 2012 ASIL Annual Meeting we will address these questions and discuss how international law responds to complexity."
Kenneth Anderson is professor of law. He teaches and writes in the areas of business and finance, both domestic and international; law and economics; and public international law, international organizations, human rights, and the laws of war. His current research agenda for 2010-11 focuses on targeted killing and drone warfare in armed conflict, and robotics and the law generally; global governance, global civil society and legitimacy; financial regulation reform (with Steven L. Schwarcz); and concept of proportionality in the law of war, the philosophy of value, and cost-benefit analysis. Professor Anderson's book on UN-US relations, Returning to Earth: What Multilateral Engagement Means in UN-US Relations, will appear in 2011 from The Hoover Institution Press; and together with Duke University's Steven L. Schwarcz, he is at work on Reforming Financial Regulation for Oxford University Press. Editorial board member of the Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence and political sciences advisory editor to the Revista de Libros (Madrid), Professor Anderson actively blogs at the Volokh Conspiracy and the international law blog Opinio Juris. He is a contributor to the Times Literary Supplement, Revista de Libros, Wall Street Journal, Weekly Standard, New York Times Magazine, Financial Times, Policy Review, and other general interest reviews. Professor Anderson will be a visiting professor at the University of Virginia School of Law in Spring 2011.
Louise Doswald-Beck is Professor of International Law at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and was the Director of the University Centre for International Humanitarian Law (the Â« CUDIH Â», predecessor to the Academy) from 2003 to 2007. Of British origin, she began her academic career in 1975 after being called to the Bar in London.
She was a lecturer in international law at Exeter University and then at London University where she taught, inter alia, LL.M. courses on the law of armed conflict and the use of force and the international protection of human rights. Between 1987 and 2001, she was a Legal Adviser at the International Committee of the Red Cross and became Head of the Legal Division in 1998. Between 2001 and 2003, she was Secretary-General of the International Commission of Jurists.
Dr. Cordula Droege is legal adviser, Legal Division, International Committee of the Red Cross.
Claire Finkelstein is the Algernon Biddle Professor of Law and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. She writes at the intersection of philosophy and law.
Professor Ohlin specializes in international law and all aspects of criminal law, including domestic, comparative, and international criminal law. His latest work concentrates on the legal implications of remotely piloted drone strikes, and he is a co-editor of a collected volume entitled Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World, forthcoming from Oxford University Press in 2012.
He also is the author, with George Fletcher, of Defending Humanity: When Force is Justified and Why (Oxford University Press, 2008), which offers a new account of international self-defense through a comparative analysis of the rules of self-defense in criminal law. His scholarly work has appeared in the Columbia Law Review, the Harvard International Law Journal, the American Journal of International Law, the Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, the Journal of International Criminal Justice, the Cornell Law Review, the Chicago Journal of International Law, as well as several edited volumes published by Oxford University Press.
Professor Ohlin's current research also focuses on the normative application of criminal law concepts in international criminal law, especially with regard to genocide, torture, joint criminal enterprise and co-perpetration, as well as the philosophical foundations of collective criminal action. His work has been cited by judges and litigants at several international tribunals, including the ICTY, the ICC, and the ECCC. He is also a member of an international working group, centered in The Hague, that is developing a codification of general rules and principles of international criminal procedure.
Professor Ohlin has consulted for foreign governments and law firms on a wide range of issues, including human rights, white collar criminal defense and litigation, criminal antitrust, and appellate litigation.
P. W. Singer
Peter Warren Singer is Senior Fellow and Director of the 21st Century Defense Initiative at the Brookings Institution. He is the youngest scholar named Senior Fellow in Brookings's 90-year history. In 2005, CNN named him to their "New Guard" List of the Next Generation of Newsmakers. Singer has also been recognized by the Financial Times as "Guru of the Week" for the thinker who most influenced the world that week and by Slate Magazine for "Quote of the Day."
In his personal capacity, Singer served as coordinator of the Obama-08 campaign’s defense policy task force. In 2009, Singer was named by Foreign Policy Magazine to the Top 100 Global Thinkers List, of the people whose ideas most influenced the world that year.
Dr. Singer is considered one of the world's leading experts on changes in 21st century warfare. He was named by the President to Joint Forces Command's Transformation Advisory Group. He has written for the full range of major media and journals, including the Boston Globe, L.A. Times, New York Times, Washington Post, Foreign Affairs, Current History, Survival, International Security, Parameters, Weltpolitik, and the World Policy Journal.
He has been quoted in every major U.S. newspaper and news magazine and delivered talks at venues ranging from the U.S. Congress to over 40 universities around the world. He has provided commentary on military affairs for nearly every major TV and radio outlet, including ABC-Nightline, Al Jazeera, BBC, CBS-60 Minutes, CNN, FOX, NPR, and the NBC Today Show. He is also a founder and organizer of the U.S.-Islamic World Forum, a global conference that brings together leaders from across the US and the Muslim world.
Dr. Singer’s most recent book, Wired for War (Penguin, 2009), looks at the implications of robotics and other new technologies for war, politics, ethics, and law in the 21st century. Described as: “An exhaustively researched book, enlivened by examples from popular culture" by the Associated Press and “awesome” by Jon Stewart of the "Daily Show," Wired for War made the New York Times non-fiction bestseller list in its first week of release. It was named a non-fiction Book of the Year by The Financial Times. It has already been featured in the video game "Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriot," the CBS "Late Late Show,” as well as in over 75 presentations at venues as diverse as all three US military academies, the US Congress, the National Student Leadership Conference, and the royal court of the United Arab Emirates. The book is also been made an official reading with organizations that range from National Defense University, US Air Force, US Navy, to the Royal Australian Navy.
Prior to his current position, Dr. Singer was the founding Director of the Project on U.S. Policy Towards the Islamic World in the Saban Center at Brookings. He has also worked for the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University, the Balkans Task Force in the U.S. Department of Defense, and the International Peace Academy. Singer received his Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University and a BA from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.
Cordula Droege, legal advisor for the International Committee of the Red Cross, discusses the complexity of the future battlefield: the cyber landscape. Droege highlights the complexity of distinguishing between "cyber operations" and "cyber attacks".