The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) - From ICISS to Today panel will reflect on the historical foundations of R2P; its articulation by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS); its political adoption at the World Summit in 2005; and the normative, political, and operational dynamics that have formed the concept as it exists today."
Dr. Lloyd Axworthy, President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Winnipeg, served as Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1996 to 2000. In the Foreign Affairs portfolio, Minister Axworthy became internationally known for his advancement of the human security concept, in particular, the Ottawa Treaty - a landmark global treaty banning anti-personnel landmines. Axworthy currently serves as a Commissioner on the Aspen Institute's Dialogue and Commission on Arctic Climate Change. He is a Board member of the MacArthur Foundation, Human Rights Watch, the Educational Policy Institute, the Canadian Landmines Foundation, and the University of the Arctic, among others. In 2010, he was made an honorary member of the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba and was given an Ojibwe name - Waapshki Pinaysee Inini, which means White Thunderbird Man.
Francis Deng is a noted Sudanese diplomat and scholar, appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide in 2007. From 1992 to 2004, Dr. Deng was the United Nations Secretary-General's Representative on Internally Displaced Persons. Dr. Deng also served as Human Rights Officer in the United Nations Secretariat, (1967-1972); Ambassador of the Sudan to Canada, the Nordic countries, and the United States; and Sudan's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. After leaving his country's service, he joined the Woodrow Wilson International Center first as a Guest Scholar and then as a Senior Research Associate, after which he served at the Brookings Institution as a Senior Fellow, where he founded and directed the Africa Project for 12 years. Dr. Deng has also taught at several leading American universities and authored or edited more than thirty books and two novels.
Gareth Evans co-chaired the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2000-2001), is the author of The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and For All (Brookings Institution Press, 2008, 2009), and is Co-Chair of the International Advisory Board of the New York-based Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. Now Chancellor of the Australian National University and a Professorial Fellow at the University of Melbourne, he was formerly Australia's Foreign Minister (1988-96) and President of the International Crisis Group (2000-09). A participant in many international commissions and panels, he has written or edited nine books, and many other chapters, journal articles, and opinion pieces.
Dr. Eduardo Stein
Dr. Eduardo Stein was Vice President of the Republic of Guatemala from 2004 to 2008 and Foreign Minister from 1996 to 2000. In 2001, Dr. Stein headed the Organization of American States Electoral Observation Mission for the Peruvian General Elections under the transitional government after the collapse of the Fujimori administration. Prior to his appointment as Foreign Minister of Guatemala, he was the Regional Project Counselor for Central America in the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which he also represented in Panama as its Resident Representative from 1993 until 1995. From 1982 until 1993, Mr. Stein was involved in regional development efforts promoted by the Latin American Economic System (SELA).
Francis Deng, Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, conceptualizes genocide by linking it to identity based conflict. Deng asserts that avoiding genocide "is a question of how we manage diversity in a constructive way."