This panel will examine using R2P as a tool in identifying past and potential value and has been applied across different cases — whether as a rallying cry, a policy framework, or a tool for diplomatic engagement — and to what degree these uses have been effective. It will seek to identify R2P’s added value, considering both limitations and hidden potential as the concept evolves in the coming decade."
Louise Arbour took over as President and CEO of the International Crisis Group in July 2009. From 2004 to 2008 she served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. A Canadian national, in December 1987 she was appointed to the Supreme Court of Ontario, and in 1990 to the Court of Appeal for Ontario. In 1995, she served as Commissioner of an inquiry into the Prison for Women in Kingston, Ontario.
In 1996, Arbour was appointed by the Security Council of the United Nations as Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. After three years as Prosecutor, she resigned to take up an appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada.
In 2009, she joined the Advisory Board for the 2011 World Bank Development Report; in 2010, the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security; and in April 2011, the Global Commission on Drug Policy.
Alex J. Bellamy
Alex J. Bellamy is Professor of International Security at the Griffith Asia Institute/Centre for Governance and Public Policy, Griffith University, Australia. From 2007 to 2010, he was Executive Director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. He served as co-chair of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Study Group on the Responsibility to Protect. He is co-editor of the journal Global Responsibility to Protect and his most recent books include Massacres and Morality: Mass Killing in an Age of Civilian Immunity (Oxford, 2012), Responsibility to Protect: The Global Effort to End Mass Atrocities (Polity, 2009) and (with Paul D. Williams and Stuart Griffin) Understanding Peacekeeping (2nd edition, Polity, 2010).
Edward C. Luck
Dr. Edward C. Luck is Special Adviser to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, with the rank of Assistant Secretary-General. Since February 2008, he has been responsible for the conceptual, political, and operational development of the responsibility to protect. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President of the International Peace Institute (IPI), Professor of Practice in International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, and President and CEO of the United Nations Association of the United States (UNA-USA). A frequent media commentator, he has published widely on the Security Council, UN reform, American foreign policy, and a host of peace and security issues.
Ramesh Thakur, Professor of International Relations, Australian National University, was Vice Rector and Senior Vice Rector of the United Nations University (and UN Assistant Secretary-General) from 1998 to 2007, an ICISS Commissioner, and Principal Writer of Secretary-General Kofi Annan's second reform report. He has held full-time teaching appointments in New Zealand, Canada, and Australia; is the author/editor of more than 40 books and 400 articles and book chapters; and writes regularly for various print media. He serves on the international advisory boards of institutes in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. His books include The United Nations, Peace and Security: From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and The People vs. the State: Reflections on UN Authority, US Power and the Responsibility to Protect (UN University Press, 2011).
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Margot Wallström as his Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict in 2010. Ms. Wallström has been an advocate of the rights and needs of women throughout her political career first as Swedish government minister and later as Environment Commissioner and Vice President of the European Commission. Since 2007, she has served as Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders Ministerial Initiative. Ms. Wallström has had a long career in politics, which began when she served as a Swedish parliamentarian from 1979 until 1985. Her ministerial career began in 1988 when she was appointed Minister of Civil Affairs. She subsequently became Minister of Culture, and then Minister of Social Affairs. In 1998, she retired from Swedish politics to become Executive Vice President of Worldview Global Media, a nongovernmental organization (NGO) based in Sri Lanka.