Panel 1: R2P in Practice - Policy Approaches Since 2005, will consider the spectrum of global policy responses to R2P-related threats and crises since 2005. Speakers will reflect on international efforts to engage across the crisis continuum and evaluate an array of policy approaches, ranging from international assistance and stabilization to crisis diplomacy and coercive action. While not limited to listed cases, each panel will draw lessons from a cluster of crises chosen to reflect the range of challenges and opportunities faced in developing direct R2P policies. Comparisons between and beyond these cases are encouraged."
Dr. Adekeye Adebajo
Dr. Adekeye Adebajo has been Executive Director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), in Cape Town, South Africa, since 2003. He previously served as Director of the Africa Programme of the New York-based International Peace Institute (IPI), when he was also an adjunct professor at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA). He served on United Nations missions in South Africa, Western Sahara, and Iraq. Dr. Adebajo is the author of Building Peace in West Africa, Liberia's Civil War, The Curse of Berlin: Africa After the Cold War, and UN Peacekeeping in Africa: From the Suez Crisis to the Sudan Conflicts, as well as the editor of From Global Apartheid to Global Village: Africa and the United Nations. He obtained his doctorate from Oxford University in England, where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar.
Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations
Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Jean-Marie Guehenno Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations on the October 1st, 2000.
Mr. Guehenno came to the post with a wide experience in the field of diplomacy, defense and international relations, as well as in administration and management.
Mr. Guehenno was a member of the Commission that produced the White Paper on Defense (1994). He was appointed Chairman of the Institut des hautes etudes de defense nationale in 1998. He has also been a member of the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters since 1999.
Mr. Guehenno was educated at the Ecole nationale d'administration in Paris . He became a member of the Court des comptes (the French Audit Office) after his graduation from ENA in 1976. He was attached to the section of the Court that audits the Ministry of Defense until his appointment as the Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations.
Šimonović assumed his functions as Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights on July 17, 2010, heading the New York Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.Â From 2008 to 2010, he was Minister of Justice of Croatia. Previously Mr. Šimonović was Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York, where he served as Senior Vice President and President of the Economic and Social Council from 2001 to 2003.
A Croatian national, Mr. Šimonović worked as a professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Zagreb, where he served as Head of the Legal Theory Department, Vice-Dean and Vice-Rector for international cooperation.
Mr. Šimonović has a graduate degree in law, a master's degree in public administration and politics, and a Ph.D. from the University of Zagreb and was a visiting scholar at the Universities of Graz and Yale.
Jean-Marie Guehenno, professor of professional practice at the Saltzman Institute of Columbia University, discusses the political implications of using the word "genocide". Guehenno believes that "genocide has enormous baggage", and calling the Darfur crisis a genocide has harmed possible international peace negotiations with Sudan.