Keynote address by Patricia O'Brien, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs: "Current Challenges Facing the United Nations Legal Office."
This lecture was delivered at the seventh Brandeis Institute for International Judges (BIIJ), held from 25 to 30 July 2010 at the Salzburg Global Seminar in Salzburg, Austria. The Institute was attended by sixteen judges from thirteen international courts and tribunals, including the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, and the European Court of Human Rights, as well as more specialized institutions such as the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.
Its theme this year, "Toward an International Rule of Law," encompassed topics including the fairness of international law, the accessibility of international courts and tribunals, and the impact of diversity on the establishment of an international rule of law. The Institute also continued a tradition of examining ethical issues faced by members of the international judiciary.
The Salzburg Global Seminar is grateful to Justice Richard Goldstone, a member of its Board of Directors, for bringing this distinguished gathering to its historic headquarters, Schloss Leopoldskron in the city of Salzburg.
Patricia O’ Brien was appointed the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and UN Legal Counsel in August 2008. She oversees the Office of Legal Affairs, the overall objectives of which are to provide a unified central legal service for the United Nations. The Office of Legal Affairs, which is based at the UN Headquarters in New York, employs approximately 200 staff of more than 60 different nationalities.
Ms. O’Brien has extensive experience of legal and international affairs. Prior to her appointment she held a number of senior legal positions in and out of Ireland. Immediately before taking up her position at the UN she served for five years as Legal Adviser to the Department of Foreign Affairs of Ireland where she advised on legal issues arising in Irish foreign policy, in particular public international law, human rights law and European Union law. She also served as a Senior Legal Adviser to the Attorney General of Ireland and as Legal Counsellor at the Irish Permanent Representation to the European Union in Brussels.
Earlier in her career Ms. O’Brien practiced law at the Irish Bar (1979-1988) and for one year at the Bar of British Columbia, Canada. Between 1989 and 1992 she held academic positions at the University of British Columbia, Canada.
Ms. O’Brien earned a Bachelor of Arts (Mod) in legal science in 1978 and a Master of Arts in 1987 from Trinity College, Dublin; a Barrister-at-Law (BL) from Kings Inns, Dublin, in 1978 and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Ottawa, Canada, in 1990. She is a member of the Irish Bar (1978) and of the Bar of England and Wales (1986). She is a Fellow of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, Vice-President of the Dublin University Law Society, and an Honorary Bencher of the Kings Inns, Dublin, and a Master of the Bench of the Middle Temple, London.