This panel will explore the upcoming ICC Review Conference, including U.S. participation in the Conference, and will provide updates on efforts define the crime of aggression, current Court proceedings, and proposed amendments to the Court's Statute. Panelists will also offer assessments of the Court's performance and will address future U.S. relations with the Court.
Moderator: Leila Sadat, Washington University Law
William R. Pace, Coalition for the ICC Stephen Rapp, U.S. Department of State Beatrice Le Fraper du Hellen, International Criminal Court, Office of the Prosecutor Christian Wenaweser, Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC
Béatrice Le Fraper du Hellen
Béatrice Le Fraper du Hellen is the Head of the Jurisdiction Complementarity and Cooperation Division of the Office of The Prosecutor (OTP) at the International Criminal Court.
William R. Pace
Since 1994, William R. Pace has served as the Executive Director of the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP), a 59-year old peace movement dedicated to promoting international democracy, global justice and the rule of law. In 1995, Mr. Pace was asked to serve as the Convenor of the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC), an international network which has grown since that time to comprise more than 2,000 organizations from all regions of the world and all sectors of global civil society.
Over the past decade, the CICC has been nominated several times for the Nobel Peace Prize and has been widely acknowledged as the primary civil society force behind the historic successful adoption of the Rome Statute on the International Criminal Court on July 17, 1998 and in the creation of the Court itself in July 2002 with the 60th ratification of the ICC treaty, the Rome Statute. In 2001, Mr. Pace was awarded the William J. Butler Human Rights Medal from the Urban Morgan Institute for Human Rights for being one of the "cardinal figures in the creation of a Permanent International Criminal Court."
Stephen J. Rapp of Iowa is Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues. Appointed by President Obama, he was confirmed by the Senate, and assumed his duties on September 8, 2009. Prior to his appointment, he served as Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone beginning in January 2007, leading the prosecutions of former Liberian President Charles Taylor and other persons alleged to bear the greatest responsibility for the atrocities committed during the civil war in Sierra Leone. During his tenure, his office achieved the first convictions in history for sexual slavery and forced marriage as crimes against humanity, and for attacks on peacekeepers and for recruitment and use of child soldiers as violations of international humanitarian law.
Leila Nadya Sadat is the Henry H. Oberschelp Professor of Law at the Washington University School of Law and the Director of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute. She is an internationally-recognized authority in international criminal law and human rights and a prolific scholar, publishing in leading journals in the United States and abroad.
Trained in both the French and American legal systems, Sadat brings a cosmopolitan perspective to her work. She is particularly well-known for her expertise on the International Criminal Court, and was a delegate to the 1998 diplomatic conference in Rome at which the Court was established. She has published a series of articles on the Court and an award-winning monograph, "The International Criminal Court and the Transformation of International Law" which was supported by the United States Institute of Peace.
Christian Wenaweser is a Liechtenstein diplomat.
Since 2002, Wenaweser has been the Permanent Representative of Lichtenstein to the United Nations. In 2008, Wenaweser was elected to a three-year term as the president of the Assembly of States Parties of the International Criminal Court. In this position, he succeeded Bruno Stagno Ugarte of Costa Rica. Since 2003, he has chaired the Special Working Group on the Crime of Aggression for the Assembly of States Parties.
Wenaweser was educated at the University of Zurich, the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Munich, Germany.
Stephen Rapp, United States Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, explains why the U.S. is hesitant to become a member of the International Criminal Court. Despite American support for the institution, he says, officials worry the U.S. will be a target of unfair prosecution.