Armed intervention or peaceful negotiation? This episode explores the international toolbox for preventing genocide, offering commentary on emerging doctrines like the Responsibility to Protect.
Francis Deng is a noted Sudanese diplomat and scholar, appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide in 2007. From 1992 to 2004, Dr. Deng was the United Nations Secretary-General's Representative on Internally Displaced Persons. Dr. Deng also served as Human Rights Officer in the United Nations Secretariat, (1967-1972); Ambassador of the Sudan to Canada, the Nordic countries, and the United States; and Sudan's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. After leaving his country's service, he joined the Woodrow Wilson International Center first as a Guest Scholar and then as a Senior Research Associate, after which he served at the Brookings Institution as a Senior Fellow, where he founded and directed the Africa Project for 12 years. Dr. Deng has also taught at several leading American universities and authored or edited more than thirty books and two novels.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Ban Ki-moon is the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations. His career encompasses many years of service in government and on the global stage, including as the Republic of Korea's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade; postings in New Delhi, Vienna, and Washington, DC; and responsibility for a variety of portfolios, including foreign policy, national security, and policy planning. His ties with the United Nations date back to 1975, when he worked for the Foreign Ministry's United Nations division. In 2001-2002, he was Chef de Cabinet during the Republic of Korea's Presidency of the General Assembly. In 1999, he served as Chairman of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization. He holds a bachelor's degree in international relations from Seoul National University and a master's degree in public administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Edward C. Luck is Senior Vice President and Director of Studies at the International Peace Institute and Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General, in which capacity he primarily focuses on the responsibility to protect.
Mary Ellen O'Connell
Mary Ellen O'Connell joined the faculty as the Robert and Marion Short Professor of Law in 2005. Prior to joining the Notre Dame faculty, Professor O'Connell was the William B. Saxbe Designated Professor of Law at the Moritz College of Law of Ohio State University. She earned her B.A. in History, with highest honors, from Northwestern University in 1980. She was awarded a Marshall Scholarship for study in Britain. She received an MSc. in International Relations from the London School of Economics in 1981, and an LL.B., with first class honors, from Cambridge University in 1982.
She earned her J.D. from Columbia University in 1985, where she was a Stone Scholar and book review editor for the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law. After graduation, she practiced with Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C. She then taught at Indiana University School of Law, Bloomington; at The Bologna Center of The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Bologna, Italy; and the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany; and the University of Cincinnati College of Law.
Joe Volk is the Executive Secretary of the Friends Committee on National Legislation. Volk has more than three decades of experience working for peace and social justice. He played a key role in founding the Iraq Working Group and has served as a leader in the Washington Interreligious Staff Committee. He has lobbied Congress to support peaceful prevention of deadly conflict, nuclear disarmament, peace in Iraq, and many other issues.