Amy Zegart discusses Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and the Origins of 9/11 based on her book of the same name.
This event was part of the Hoover Institution's Fall Retreat 2008.
John Raisian is director of the Hoover Institution, assuming his position in 1989. He also holds an appointment as a senior fellow and is an economist who has specialized in national and international labor market and human resource issues. He joined the Hoover Institution in 1986 as a fellow, while serving as associate director during 1986-88, and deputy director during 1988-89.
He received his B.A. in economics and mathematics from Ohio University in 1971 and his Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles in 1978.
Raisian was a consultant to the Rand Corporation from 1974 to 1975 after which he went to the University of Washington as a visiting assistant professor of economics in 1975-76.
From 1976 to 1980, he was an assistant professor of economics at the University of Houston where he received a distinguished teaching award from the College of Social Sciences.
In 1980, he entered public service as a senior economist in the Office of Research and Evaluation, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In 1981, he joined the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, in two capacities - Special Assistant for Economic Policy, a role he held until 1983, and Director of Research and Technical Support, which he left in 1984.
As a result of his work for the U.S. Department of Labor, he received the Department's Distinguished Service Award. In 1983, he took a leave of absence from the Labor Department to serve as executive director of the President's Task Force on Food Assistance.
After leaving the Department of Labor, Raisian became president of Unicon Research Corporation, an economic consulting firm in Los Angeles, where he worked until joining the Hoover Institution in 1986.
Amy Zegart is an Associate Professor at UCLA's School of Public Affairs, where she teaches courses in U.S. foreign policy and public management. In 2003 she was awarded Public Policy Professor of the Year for excellence in teaching.
Zegart has been featured by The National Journal as one of the ten most influential experts in intelligence reform. She worked on the Clinton Administration's National Security Council staff in 1993, served as a foreign policy advisor to the Bush-Cheney 2000 presidential campaign, and has testified before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
Her research focuses on the design problems of U.S. national security agencies. She received a Ph.D. in Political Science from Stanford University, where she studied under Condoleezza Rice. Her first book, Flawed By Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS and NSC won the highest national dissertation award in Political Science and has become standard reading for several U.S. military and intelligence training programs.
More recently, she has written about adaptation failures in the CIA and FBI, the role of presidential commissions, organizational problems in nonproliferation policy, and port security. She is currently finishing a book about why U.S. intelligence agencies adapted poorly to the rise of terrorism after the Cold War.
Zegart has served as a national security analyst for CNN, MSNBC, Fox News Channel, and National Public Radio. A former Fulbright Scholar, she received a B.A. in East Asian Studies from Harvard University. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and lives in Pacific Palisades, California with her husband and three children.
Associate Professor of UCLA's School of Public Affairs Amy Zegart names the "stunning inability of the CIA and the FBI to adapt to the end of the Cold War" as the principal reason the United States failed to prevent 9/11.