As part of the Center's Election 08: The Power of We series, former National Security Advisors Zbigniew Brzezinski and Brent Scowcroft join the National Constitution Center for a conversation moderated by journalist David Ignatius about their new book, America and the World, and the role of foreign policy in the 2008 presidential election.
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski is a Polish-American author, political scientist, geostrategist, and statesman who served as United States National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1981.
Major foreign policy events during his term of office included the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China (and the severing of ties with the Republic of China - today's Taiwan), the signing of the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II), the brokering of the Camp David Accords, the transition of Iran to an anti-Western Islamic state, encouraging reform in Eastern Europe, emphasizing human rights in U.S. foreign policy, the arming of the mujaheddin in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet-friendly Afghan government and later to counter the Soviet invasion, and the signing of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties relinquishing U.S. control of the Panama Canal after 1999.
He is currently a professor of American foreign policy at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, a scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and a member of various boards and councils. He appears frequently as an expert on the PBS program The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer.
Brzezinski has written many books on political science. His most recent book is America and the World: Conversations on the Future of American Foreign Policy.
General Brent Scowcroft
Brent Scowcroft was the United States National Security Advisor under Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush and a Lieutenant General in the United States Air Force. He also served as Military Assistant to President Richard Nixon and as Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs in the Nixon and Ford administrations.
He served as Chairman of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005. General Scowcroft assisted President Barack Obama in choosing his national security team.