Iraq's refugee crisis is one of the worst in the world today, exceeded only by Afghanistan's.
Carnegie's Middle East Program and the International Crisis Group (ICG) discuss the refugee crisis and "Failed Responsibilities: Refugees in Syria, Jordan and Lebanon," a new report from the ICG recommending necessary steps for the Iraqi and U.S. governments, the international community, and host countries to address the crisis- Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Michel Gabaudan has served as UNHCR regional representative for the United States and Caribbean since September 2006.
His distinguished career with the agency spans more than twenty-five years and includes service in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Australia. Trained as a medical doctor, Gabaudan spent a decade working in Guyana, Zambia, Brazil, London, and Yemen before joining UNHCR as a Field Officer in Udon, Thailand.
His U.N. career subsequently took him to field operations in places ranging from Cameroon to Pakistan to Geneva, where he served at the agency's headquarters for several years. In 1995, he was appointed Regional Representative in Mexico. He then went on to become head of UNHCR's funding and donor relations service at headquarters.
Between 2001 and 2004 he was the regional representative in Australia. Prior to coming to Washington, he served as the regional representative for UNHCR in Beijing.
Gabaudan attended the University of Bordeaux in France, where he studied medicine. He is married with three children.
Joost Hiltermann manages a team of analysts based in Amman and Beirut conducting research in the countries of the Middle East and writing policy-focused reports on the factors that increase the risk of and drive armed conflict.
The crisis in Iraq and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are Crisis Group's two priorities in the region, but they are also conducting research in Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and the Gulf.
Jessica Tuchman Mathews was appointed president of the Endowment in 1997. Her career includes posts in the executive and legislative branches of government, in management and research in the nonprofit arena, and in journalism.
She was a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations from 1993 to 1997 and served as director of the Council's Washington program. While there, she published her seminal 1997 Foreign Affairs article, "Power Shift," chosen by the editors as one of the most influential in the journal's seventy-five years.
From 1982 to 1993, she was founding vice president and director of research of the World Resources Institute, an internationally known center for policy research on environmental and natural-resource management issues.
She served on the editorial board of the Washington Post from 1980 to 1982, covering energy, environment, science, technology, arms control, health, and other issues. Later, she became a weekly columnist for the Washington Post, writing a column that appeared nationwide and in the International Herald Tribune.
From 1977 to 1979, she was director of the Office of Global Issues of the National Security Council, covering nuclear proliferation, conventional arms sales policy, chemical and biological warfare, and human rights. In 1993, she returned to government as deputy to the Undersecretary of State for Global Affairs.
Mathews is a director of Somalogic Inc. and a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Century Foundation, and the Nuclear Threat Initiative. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Philosophical Society, and the Trilateral Commission.
She has previously served on the boards of the Brookings Institution, Radcliffe College, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Surface Transportation Policy Project, and the Joyce Foundation, among others.
Joost Hiltermann of the Middle East Project at the International Crisis Group discusses the effects of the disintegration of the Iraqi secular middle class, which has evaporated into waves of refugees.