What Have We Learned? Reviewing a Decade of Work with discussants David A. Hamburg, Fen Osler Hampson and Bruce W. Jentleson at the Symposium on the Future of Conflict Prevention hosted by the Council on Foreign Relations. William L. Nash moderates.
David A. Hamburg
David Hamburg is president emeritus at Carnegie Corporation of New York, where he served as the Corporation's eleventh president from 1982 to 1997. Under his leadership the work of the Corporation focused on education and healthy development of children and youth, human resources in developing countries and international security issues. He established a number of task forces on education and preventing conflict which produced seminal research and policy analysis and which will continue to influence the work in these fields in the future. A medical doctor, Hamburg had a long history of leadership in the research, medical and psychiatric fields before his transition from a trustee of Carnegie to its president. He was chief, adult psychiatry branch, National Institutes of Health, from 1958 to 1961; professor and chairman of the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University from 1961 to 1972; Reed-Hodgson Professor of Human Biology at Stanford University from 1972 to 1976; president of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, 1975-1980; and director of the division of health policy research and education and John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy at Harvard University, 1980-1983. He served as president and then chairman of the board (1984-1986) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Hamburg was a member of the United States Defense Policy Board with Secretary of Defense William Perry and cochair with former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. He is a member of President Clinton's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology and a visiting professor at Harvard Medical School's department of social medicine. He was the founder of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government. Hamburg received both his A.B. and M.D. degrees from Indiana University. He has received numerous honorary degrees during his career as well as the American Psychiatric Association's Distinguished Service Award in 1991, the Presidential Medal of Freedom at the White House in 1996, the International Peace Academy's 25th Anniversary Special Award in 1996, the Achievement in Children and Public Policy Award from the Society for Research in Child Development in 1997, and the National Academy of Sciences' Public Welfare Medal in 1998.
Fen Osler Hampson
Fen Osler Hampson is professor of international affairs at The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. He graduated from the University of Toronto and was awarded the John Moss Scholarship for Outstanding Leadership on graduation. He also holds an M.Sc. (Econ) degree from the London School of Economics, and AM and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University. He is the recipient of various awards and honours, including a Research & Writing Award from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation; a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellowship from the United States Institute of Peace; and a Research Achievement Award from Carleton University.
He was a fellow at the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University and was a senior associate at the Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security at the same time he began teaching at Carleton in 1986.
Dr. Hampson has served on advisory panels for the Social Science Research Council in New York City, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Senior Advisory Committee, Project on Global Issues, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He was a visiting professor at the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University in 1995. He is a senior consultant to the United States Institute of Peace, a bi-partisan, Congressionally-funded think tank, in Washington, D.C.
Bruce Jentleson is Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Duke University, where he served from 2000-2005 as Director of the Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy. In 2006-07 he is a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London), and a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar in Spain.
In 1999-2000 Jentleson served as a senior foreign policy advisor to Vice President Al Gore and the Gore-Lieberman presidential campaign. In 1993-94 he was on the State Department Policy Planning Staff as Special Assistant to the Director. In 1987-88, while a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, he served as a foreign policy advisor to then-Senator Gore.
He has been a Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace, a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution, and the recipient of other awards and fellowships, including from the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Social Science Research Council. He holds a Ph.D. from Cornell University, a Master's from the London School of Economics and Political Science; and a Bachelor's degree also from Cornell.
William L. Nash
Major General William L. Nash, USA Ret., is Director of the Council on Foreign Relation's Center for Preventive Action. He has served as the Director of Civil-Military Programs at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, and was appointed as the Regional Administrator for the United Nations in northern Kosovo.
Prior to service in Kosovo, Major General Nash was the commander of a multinational division charged to uphold and enforce the military provisions of the Dayton Peace Accords in northeastern Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1995.