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Well, we talked about the role of the private sector and there is lots of questions of course about what role a private company can play Toyota, we heard of the opening. Mega company with mega resources devoting really mega attention inside the organization, I hope you will get to meet some of the Toyota people here and impress on them your own views about how that works and how a company of their size and their reach can impact the process by which cities make decisions and communities evolve and ultimately adapt to climate change, transportation congestion alternatives and down that list. The other corporate sponsor we have participating in the design in development of this program is LandDesign which is a US based company that has grown now to an office or two or several in China taking the experience of mostly south eastern United States and the development of communities there and bringing the best of that experience in neighborhood development and neighborhood redesign to Chinese communities and I am hoping Peter Crowley will give us a chance to Peter, is are you loaded up on the machine. No, okay. So come on Bonny - while we get peter organized here, our plan here is that Peter is going to take us to what will be the closing session which is the report from the break out. So I hope in the room we will still have with us folks who were from those break out sessions for review giving very short reports before we break for the reception. So Peter come on up First place, I want to take you to is Tianjin and we had some discussion earlier today about Tianjin we are working there. This is actually a part of a presentation that was put together by a German firm who were looking at the redevelopment and for me what's so what so interesting and what so hopeful about working in Asia and working in China is the fact that the products that we are creating, the way that we are impacting the built environment are the parts of the of the environment that have possible sustainability. In this graphic you will see and I have sort of went through the big picture into zooming into a portion of Tianjin. You will see redevelopment. Well, this area of Tianjin is 20 years or less old and so five to eight to 12 storey buildings are now being torn down and are being redeveloped at greater intensities. So the architecture is not really sustainable but what is sustainable is where they created good urban places, where they created the people places. There is great there is a great desire to maintain those and that framework is continuing forward. And I will - I am going to run very quickly through my presentation because the day is like in Shenyang in Northeast China, great industrial city, we are involved in a water front revitalization of a - really a new town and one of our key components was the issues associated with - as we talk today, transportation, separation of automobile, bicycle, the pedestrian. In this particular instance there was a significant because we were joining the river and there was great fluctuation. There was a dike that separated the city from the river and in fact, guess what sounds like the US, there is a huge freeway that was supposed to happen right on the water front, so the design solution began to look at how you began to create separations between those various user types and you know, the great thing about working in China is that as you develop concepts and as they are from as someone said earlier that top down organizational structure as you go through that scenario, if it is approved, it may well be built. And then of course the layering and the attributes of all of the environmental resources I think are key in terms of the urban design and as planners, urban designers, landscape architects as we can begin to design these these elements within the the built to lines of architecture, we stand a great opportunity for having them actually be constructed and actually creating the kinds of great places from an urban design perspective that we would like to see happen. Now, Heilongjiang is a software city, it is was in an international design competition west of Shanghai a couple of hours and I collaborated fairly extensively Paul Weisenau and Washington Jefsaw with the APA and the and the China training thus occurred and one of the huge issues that we see and and you will see it in in our word is it so much of what happens in that part of the world is in international design competition so, rather than go through a wading process that that I will I wont get into the whole thing but it is a huge issue and sometimes quiet quiet often we will see one later it is about the form of the plan, how it looks in plan view that determines the winner so I would say a a practitioner, this is about obstacles to good urban design sometimes it is a practitioner, we almost have to get away from the form and the look of the plan from the helicopter because I really don't care if it look like a fish or a paltry, what I care about is what happens on the ground and so as as someone who is engaged on a day to day basis in trying to make these things happen, you really begin to take a very different mind set from a a theoretical model so, Heilongjiang interesting piece of property you know, mining degradation, degradation of water resources, huge issues we began with a program that was for a 145 million Square feet of views and when we finished our plan we were only at 47 million square feet of views lot of development we went to our client and we we took a different approach. We began to talk to them about global comparativeness because this was a software city and this work is actually from David McDonald who is with Jones Hopkins in Baltimore who were looking at how they are going to grow their Biotech and Biomedical kinds of facilities and as we began to enter into this international design competition David was looking at his software part, we got together and collaborated, then he shared some of what he was looking at and this was one of our first case studies was in India in 1991 creating their 17 year road map for global comparativeness and their first step was creating - determining the places that they thought that could be comparative. Secondly they reformed their educational system at all levels to create the educated work force, we have all heard how India is is educating more engineers than the US and it is a great comparative issue and John Hopkins was looking at that as a significant concern. The third step was to begin to create the higher the the research labs and and create the infrastructure for this educated work class to go, do their thing and and then another model we looked at was in the state of Georgia where there was really a a three party collaboration that was led by business , the business went to the state legislate and legislature and got $200 million so that they could make the state of Georgia comparative and there were University partners, business partners, governor, government partners so, as we went through with our client, we began to describe to them the fact that, the old model of government driving economic development was something that we didn't really believe was you know, the approach that it really had to be that tri-party of government education and business together to make things happen. The other thing we talked about and this is you know, this is probably the the lynchpin on this sort of case study, we talked about the creative class because if I am creating this 73 million square feet software city in China, it's not going to be all the Chinese people that are going to live there, they want to find the best of the best they want people that are in this room today to say I will go to China for a six months a year, two years, three years and I will be a part of this thing, it will be enriching for me and it will enrich and do something for this this company that I work with. So the concept of the creative class and what is necessary to bring those consumers to their software apart became the huge driver in the international design competition and in fact it's clearly the reason that we want, and the German firm did not want. They were looking at a European model that looked at various sections and segments and sectors of different land use and this is a horrible plight but Las Ramblas in Barcelona I am just talked about Barcelona, what a great city it is. It became one of the touch stones that began to describe why this was a great place and why this should be the character of the new place and so as you look at the overall master plan again millions and millions of square feet of views what we essentially ended up with was a series of small cities that were compact in scale, that have or hugely have monetized in terms of open space that were looking at the various elements of sustainability from grey water we used, the use of wind turbines, you know all all of the things that we as urban planers would like to see in a plan. One of our one of our big thoughts was in terms of the conveyance through here, we look to some of the great examples in US and one of mine, one of the places I love is country club plaza in Kansas city and that great park way that it joins those drainage ways in tributaries and we fired their imagination with this concept of how they could create the great place and that this could become the organizing element for this new software city. As we went further and looked at open space and the relationships of the various parts sorts of land gave them imagery for charactering quality and looked at the charactering quality and how we began to scale the road system and a number of speakers have spoke and have made the point today of the larger collective system and then smaller scale roads that are paralleling. All of those best practices become a card of these plans, Solar is a part of it, using some very interesting sustainable technology that's coming out of Germany in terms of read MAC systems for cleansing - a fluent looking at the workability aspects of the plan and land use. One of the one of the key elements to have a plan like this is the educational and institutional - facilities in the plan and you know there is a great debate of whether you in fact create the great university center and all of the other array of uses happen around them or whether you create a series of appropriately scaled universities with the entire array of land uses in a mixed-use environment that that creates good good urban fabric and and we had this this term and I don't know who who coined well acknowledged accidents where you know individuals who are of different disciplines and from different worlds somehow we we began to find ways that they will create connections through open space through the the urban environment and again for us that touchstone was this core that was going to be the shopping urban design mixed-use development at the kind of intensities we talked about at Barcelona. Obviously things like scaling the roads and appropriately the scale in terms of the hierarchy like rail comes to the property, BRT is a part of this, trolley systems, there is a there is a wealth in an array of planning that happens here but one of the aspects of in this slide really begins to illustrate the fact of in this plan you know as practitioners who are all about building the place, we wanted to be certain that we could build that full array of land use day one so that we were not having to extend huge amounts of infrastructure. So for us facing the plan was very important in terms of creating places. And then finally - an over all plan of it, I have to run through this very quickly, I have got one more sort of on the book's - on the board's plan that we are looking at we would jump back to Tianjin and again this is this is an interesting exercise because here is the - find here is the old city of Tianjin - the area that I spoke to that was being redeveloped is right here and this piece of property that we are looking at is located here and interestingly Tianjin is in the great circle of Beijing which means it's in within it's sphere of influence and Tianjin is essentially Beijing's ocean front and as much as this was an urban design project, as much as this was about good planning, this was also an advertising campaign that was all about how do we gain the guys the eyes of the Beijing and turn them to Tianjin so that from an economic development it becomes not a local, not a regional, but at national level project. And as we begin to get into the strategies and I thought Tim did an excellent job just before me in terms of talking about these local initiatives as we begin to get into the implementation, it becomes much more simple. So you know, here are some early concepts and you know, there is the middle one from the air, five fishes, five fishes swimming in the bow high bay and that the original concept that for that was prepared by a group out of England I think. But we have continued with our implementation and drew several plans that didn't look like fish. And at the end of the day you know, what happened? We got fish. We got fish and it's okay because we are going to have good fish and we are going to have fish that on the ground it's going to feel like a great - great place. So anyway, another interesting aspect of this project and this is really my last slide is that we have a national developer from the US who is looking at developing all of the residential and I said to him well, what's the program, how many units will we have? He said, well, I don't know how many units we will have but we have about a billion square feet of area and I feel that we ought to be at a 2.0 FIR. And so it was just like okay no problem. So we actually are - have a group of about eight designers from on an array of our offices in Beijing, left earlier this week and they will be there for the next two months designing this new place. We have had a good time here listening to all the speakers. I think I have come away with some great things and I guess the last slide I would leave you with is that I am ever hopeful as a planner and a designer in terms of you know, this great heritage that has come before us of planning an urban design in the US and throughout the world and how we are all having opportunities today to stand on the shoulders of those who came before us and to take advantage of some of the some of the mistakes that have been made, lets just don't make them again. Thank you.