Issuance of The Chautauqua Declaration, and Press Conference with the Prosecutors
Join the current and past prosecutors of the international criminal tribunals, together with their colleagues from Nuremberg, for a unique two days of discussions about the laws of war. The meeting is convened in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Hague Rules of 1907, the cornerstone of the laws regulating armed conflict today. Set in the pristine setting of the Chautauqua Institution, this gathering will allow the participants, their guests, and the public to contemplate lessons learned and future developments involving the laws of war in a roundtable setting, moderated by leading international criminal law experts.
Elizabeth (Betsy) Andersen is Executive Director and Executive Vice President of the American Society of International Law (www.asil.org), the United Statesâ€™ premier institution for advancing the study and use of international law. ASIL was founded in 1906 by Elihu Root, who served as both Secretary of War and Secretary of State for President Theodore Roosevelt.
Ms. Andersen first joined the Society in 1995 and became its Executive Director in October 2006. Most recently she has served as the Executive Director of the American Bar Associationâ€™s Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (ABA CEELI), where she had worked since 2003. Prior to her position at the ABA CEELI, Andersen was the Executive Director of Human Rights Watchâ€™s Europe and Central Asia Division, where she had also worked as a researcher and director of advocacy for a total of eight years. Before joining Human Rights Watch, she served as Legal Assistant to Judge Georges Abi-Saab of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and as a law clerk to Judge Kimba M. Wood of the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of New York.
Andersen is a graduate of Yale Law School, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and Williams College. Her area of expertise is international humanitarian, human rights, and refugee law.
David M. Crane
David M Crane is an American who was the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone from April 2002 until July 15, 2005.
Sir Desmond De Silva
Sir Desmond Lorenz de Silva, QC, KStJ, (born 13 December 1939) is a prominent British lawyer, and former United Nations Chief War Crimes Prosecutor in Sierra Leone.
Whitney R. Harris
Whitney R. Harris was a prosecutor for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg following World War II. His 50-year legal career included government, corporate and private practice as well as teaching.
Born in the Gambia in 1950 Hassan B. Jallow, studied law at the University of Dar es Salaam Tanzania (1973), the Nigerian Law School (1976) and the University College, London (1978). He worked as State Attorney in the Attorney Generals' Chambers in the Gambia from 1976 until 1982 when he was appointed Solicitor General.
Justice Hassan Bubacar Jallow served as Gambiaâ€™s Attorney-General and Minister of Justice from 1984 to 1994 and subsequently as a Judge of the Gambiaâ€™s Supreme Court from 1998 - 2002. In 1998, he was appointed by the United Nations Secretary General to serve as an international legal expert and carry out a judicial evaluation of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia. He also has served as a legal expert for the Organisation of African Unity and worked on the drafting and conclusion of the African Charter on Human and Peopleâ€™s Rights which was adopted in 1981. He has also served the Commonwealth in various respects including chairing the Governmental Working Group of Experts in Human Rights. Until his appointment as Prosecutor to the ICTR, Justice Jallow was a Judge of the Appeals Chamber of the Special Court for Sierra Leone on the appointment of the UN Secretary-General in 2002 as well as a member of the Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal.
Justice Jallow was awarded the honour of Commander of the National Order of the Republic of Gambia.
Henry T. King Jr. was a U.S. Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials, a legal practitioner and an academic writer.
Luis Moreno-Ocampo is the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
He is responsible for investigating and prosecuting war crimes [crimes against humanity and genocide]. Moreno-Ocampo was born in Buenos Aires and is a citizen of Argentina where he gained a reputation prosecuting abuses by senior military officials and for his work to combat corruption.
Robert Petit is Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia.
Stephen J. Rapp of Iowa is Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues. Appointed by President Obama, he was confirmed by the Senate, and assumed his duties on September 8, 2009. Prior to his appointment, he served as Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone beginning in January 2007, leading the prosecutions of former Liberian President Charles Taylor and other persons alleged to bear the greatest responsibility for the atrocities committed during the civil war in Sierra Leone. During his tenure, his office achieved the first convictions in history for sexual slavery and forced marriage as crimes against humanity, and for attacks on peacekeepers and for recruitment and use of child soldiers as violations of international humanitarian law.
David Tolbert is the Executive Director of the Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (CEELI), a public service program of the American Bar Association, with its headquarters in Washington, D.C. CEELI works to promote the Rule of Law throughout Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and has bolstered legal reform in 28 countries since 1991.
Before becoming CEELI Executive Director in February 2001, Mr. Tolbert served nearly five years at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands. He initially was the Senior Legal Adviser, Registry, where he headed the legal department and also supervised the Victims and Witnesses Section. He later was appointed as Chef de Cabinet to the President of the International Tribunal, during the presidency of Judge Gabrielle Kirk McDonald.
Prior to working at the International Tribunal, Mr. Tolbert served as Chief, General Legal Division for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency in Vienna, Austria and Gaza. He previously was a Lecturer in International Law at the University of Hull, England, and Visiting Professor at the Universidade Federal Espirto Santo, Vitoria, Brazil. Mr. Tolbert began his legal career as an attorney at Gerdes, Mason, Wilson, Tolbert and Simpson in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Mr. Tolbert holds an LL.M. with distinction from the University of Nottingham, England; a J.D. from the University of North Carolina; and B.A. magna cum laude from Furman University. He speaks German and Portuguese.