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Good evening and welcome to tonight's meeting of the Commonwealth Club of California. I am John Diaz Editorial Page Editor for the San Francisco Chronicle and your moderator for tonight's program. We also welcome our listeners on the radio and invite everyone to visit us on the internet at www.commonwealthclub.org. And now it is my pleasure to introduce our distinguished speaker. Ismail Khaldi is the Deputy Consulate General of the Israeli Consulate for the Pacific North West. Prior to this appointment in December 2006 Khaldi worked for the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Arabic Media Department where he served as spokesmen to Arabic media on the disengagement from Gaza. Born in Bedouin village in Israel's Western Galilee, he served in the Israeli Police Force and Defense Forces. Khaldi holds degrees in Political Science and International Relations and is the first Bedouin Muslim Diplomat for Israel. Today he joins us to share his story and to discuss pluralism in Israel. Please welcome Deputy Israeli Consulate General Ismail Khaldi. Big good evening. Thanks John for this wonderful introduction. I think sometimes too much it's too long. Just say Ish that's it, that will be enough for me. I won't stand here long because I like to even be here, they are in the middle but I will sit down here John, also to rest after waking up 15 to 4 o clock in the morning and going to run and swim in the bay in the freezing cold water and that's a crazy experience. And when a Bedouin coming from a small Bedouin village in the north of Israel, coming to do in San Francisco and doing this craziness you know, I want to part of the society, part of the people and that's why I came here for. In any case I truly more than honored for me to be here. This is the next time second time and I am ready to come here back again and again and again and I am coming with the story and in a few minutes I want to make it exciting, may be interesting and much more. I would go against your protocol that John does mentioned, don't interrupt me. I mean stop me in the middle if I make any mistake, if there is anything you want to ask about, to try you know louder, I am screaming, what do you mean louder? Can't you hear? I don't like these machines. In any case just stop me if there is any question, please ask and raise your hand and I will stop and answer. You know since I arrived here six months ago, almost six months ago, and by the way it's my first time going to live away from the village, from the family and it's very hard, it's tough. But above everything to be in a place like San Francisco which is totally different totally different from the place I am coming from from the tradition, from the heritage, from the society, from the customs, the daily life style I came from, I grew up with, its sometimes impossible. Believe me you know the loneliness at the end of the day. Can you turn up the volume, I I was not hearing you. The volume. The volume. Yes, I was going to tell. I don't think we do that from here actually. That's much being better? Can you hear now? I can't stick my mouth to this but sorry, can't you hear? May be can raise voice from somewhere. Let's go ahead and let me go ahead and adjust it. No, no, no. I don't want to be close. Till me may be you have to I will be technician. Okay in any case I will keep going and yeah, may be now, it's much better. You know the first week after I came ____ but if there is only one person who can't hear, I will stop and wait for the over that, it is. That's why I am coming and that's much better, right? Okay well thank you very much. In any case - you know, I want to go back and tell you one of my experiences of being here. You know Crocodile Dundee the the story. I think you have here the Bedouin version of Crocodile Dundee the story. But the I know at the end of the road its not my story, its the story of Israel and the story of the Middle East and the whole question of you know, different religion, different cultures, sometimes contradictory to each other, sometimes you know, negative even to each other. But I remember part of the third week when I came here, I went to speak at the Monterey, there is a Defense Institute down in Monterey and I spoke to people, give them some you know updates about the Middle East, what's happening, our you know, politics. The crowd was about 80 officers 80 officers, I am not speaking about sergeants. Let me say, I am not speaking about soldiers or corporals but officers who were on their way to Iraq, who were on the way to Afghanistan and some of them even somewhere near Korea, I forgot the name, I even can't spell the name, its Korean name. And after speaking about for 35 minutes and asking one question, one very simple question, if any one of them speaks Arabic? No hand one hand was raised. I asked them if they what do they know about Israel? Nothing. A word of Hebrew that would be a dream, no one said anything. It was very sad, it not only surprised me but it shocked me. People who were on the way to Iraq are supposed to know, where are they going, they don't anything. And that's for me fueled my desire to speak much as more, not only about my background, it's not only about my story. It's about my story of course but who I am and as part of Israel, the Middle East, the Muslim world, the Arab world, Israel as a Jewish State and the whole complex and that's not an easy story and that's what I started to do. And then of course I went to meet the other people, officials, one of them is Margaret Chu if you know the name she is a Superintendent, I think for the High Schools here in the in San Francisco and I told her, Maggie you know what, I don't have and I met before that some of my colleagues', Deputy Consulate Generals of Foreign Nations who are here based in San Francisco. I told them we don't have your privilege as a Foreign Diplomats, just to see the Golden Gate Bridge and tourists sights and of course to and represent our interest of our own countries, but also to educate and teach and learn everybody, why wont we do something like that? We will set a series of ten let me see, different lectures presentations, where everybody of us for free everyone of us will come and speak about his region, the culture, the music, the food, the history, the politics everything possible to teach the younger American generation, I spoke about you know I spoke to Maggie Chu because she is in charge for the young generation. The people who are in step and a half will be in high school at universities, not to go to Universities because there is some more bureaucracy about and also something complex. But go to high schools, speak to them, teach them because believe it or not those kids those are may be your kids and grandkids one day will be telling us what to do, would be telling the entire world what to do as you know, being in positions of leadership in American society, still America is the super power, the leading force in the entire world of democracy and more and more; and many other values. And I think that its part it's the responsibility more responsibility on our shoulders to teach them. In any case again again the bureaucracy, it's taking time. I have no idea. I will my tour here is for four years but the I think I'll leave before and then whatever I can do believe me I will do. In any case let's have more two examples. One example let me say I said it in the beginning, I want to just to learn. And I am really I am coming here to do, I am coming here to contribute and educate and teach and widening your education and and more and more, there are so many things to do. Believe me, if I would be telling my parents and my kid sorry, my nieces and nephews, who I speak every morning 4:30 in the morning; that almost in every country and in every corners in San Francisco there are people who are thrown on the road, having no food, okay nothing to eat at the end of the day, no one would believe. Because America for all of us you know means like reaching the moon, it's like the moon, the golden light, super power. How come like today, in America people have no food at the end of the day, no. In any case I want to leave that and go back to something else which is much more tough. You know since the first I think weeks, the first month when I came here, people were asking me a question. Again, I am I am going to leave the politics. I am not going to speak about politics. I am going to put my position as the diplomat here, on this side. I am going to speak to you, believe me, from the bottom of my heart. As say person to person and believe me, I am not even though this is my ____ [0:12:05] fourth year. I am not the official, but will speak to you people are asking me really, can this happen like Ismail - Israel, two different sides; sometimes could be enemies, can this can those things go together, is that possible? Because you know for people I am going back remember that the first example I gave you about the officer is you know, Israel was perceived with for people as only a Jewish state, a Zionist state and if you are not Jewish, if you are a Muslim for instance, in this case, you can't be living there. One of the tough questions that people ask me, okay. do you do the better ones, and I am with a story do you have your people, your community as a minority in Israel, have the right to vote? It's shocking, not only surprising. After I was speaking about may be 25 30 minutes, I remember very well, that was a Jewish student by the way, who asked. And I assume that he would know something about Israel, but nothing. Young American generation almost having nothing and believe me again, from the bottom of my heart. They are very smart people, educated, having you know laptops, iPods. To be blunt, if I would ask them where is may be Fargo and no one would know. If I would ask him about Bismarck probably Ogallala and Nebraska, on the map they would know, I have no idea. I were asking people, by the way, about you know, July fourth in a month and a half, you want to listen to that, you are going to be celebrating how many years do you know how many years? Okay. You know what the students students at the University, I would expect them like, just say in a minute to answer me. Okay, you need to have to know about your history, about the world, about what's happening around, nothing. In any case that's not my position here, but it's just through to give you a more about my background, my story. So, we and I am telling I was telling people that, yes, of course, a Muslim today can be a part of Israel. A Muslim today can be a proud Israeli. And here comes the whole story because I think people don't know enough. People who are fit fit, sorry by quotation mark I am saying, from the media. And the media is very strong here, very powerful, very influential. And the people knew about us, about Israel, heard about the Middle East and more only through the CNN reports of the evening news, only from the San Francisco Chronicle, I am sorry John. Sorry I know. You know by by the way, if I would be telling you that really my story when I arrived here to this country, the first time in my life, the first city ever I came to live in by myself was New York City. You know what I swear when I finish my talk I will tell you the story. No one because for me you know, America meant like reaching the moon. Because I knew America only from the media, only from the TV's, there is only one TV in the entire village that my parents used to have, from there we heard about the America. In any case, I so my answer is yes. A Muslim can represent the state of Israel today. Israel of course the one that you see in the evening news, Israel the one you hear about, Israel the one who is you know, fighting the Arabs, Arabs fighting Jews, Israelis fighting Palestinians and more and more. It's part of the story, unfortunately but what can we do with that? It's not going it won't to be solved tomorrow morning. And I would like to give you a few - you know, look at fine - you know - how many of you have been to Israel before? How many okay, how many of you had been to Bedouin place before, a Bedouin Bedouin is a community and I hope it's not the tourist tent near (Murtada). Okay, you know Israel is a 21 percent almost of Israeli society is than a than a Jewish society. The Arab minority Arab minority, Arab Palestinian minority are 21 percent, almost 21 percent of the Israeli society. And Bedouins are part of that are minority within a minority in numbers. You know, about the people at least I want to speak to be for responsible for my words and I am representing the Bedouin community. Please I don't want to be you know, representing everybody because we are living in a democracy and others can you know, clash with my opinions freedom. And you know, Bedouins are two parts in Israel. You have the ones who are living where I am coming from, a very small minority small community, 40,000 people. And the rest is living in the desert of Negev, in southern part of Israel. Bedouins are not Jewish of course, are not big Zionists, Bedouins are Muslims, Bedouins are the nomad part of the Arab world. We are part of the Arab cultures, we are Muslims. Some call us even the reformed Muslims - if you know, compared to Judaism because the secular Muslims I would say because Bedouins used to be nomads like like living in tribal society, like the American natives who are living here. And moving nomads are moving from one place to another. So the religion Islam wasn't part of our strong part of our let me say, background, because nobody built mosque, nobody built education you know, schools and so on. Stability wasn't part of our background. What to go was you know, the guiding principles in our life and our background was the tribal rules that we have developed throughout the years. You know the strong cohesive ties between family members and so on. In any case, our story with the state of Israel didn't start with 1948 when Israel was established, but years before. Late 1920s and then 1930s and then till 1948 when Israel was established and believe me I am going to make it just very short. Those were the years that designed our relations and our position and status as part of Israel Israeli society. As Israel you know, as part of Israel as a Jewish state. 1920s late 1920s until 1948, the first Jewish pioneers, Jewish pioneers ____ Hebrew, who came from East Europe mainly to built the homeland for the Jewish people, again based in the Belford declaration, 1917. They built the homeland for the Jewish people, the state of Israel, independent state, absorbed the Jews form all over the world, then the story may be you know, its much bitter and what happen is that those years, the Bedouins also used to live in that area. The Bedouins who are nomads, who were Muslims, part of the Arab culture. And what happened is that for the first time let me say, put it this way, just make it short. Bedouins at that area at that time, and that was my grandmother's generation, and by the way who passed away two years ago at 96 years old. But you know, she was she had never gone to school before, but she was fluent in Yiddish. Bedouin her generation, because you know the some relations that she have made with the Jewish pioneers who came from East Europe, the Yiddish speakers you know they build very strong relations, lived near each other, 95 percent I would say if Bedouins Bedouin community in the north lived near a mushav or a kibbutz or a Jewish town. You know I am telling you the those stories, away from politics, away from everything, yes, believe me because those are the human stories that really tell the different reality from our people know here, the different when you see you know facts that people know here. And so in those years, the best known part, by the way of Bedouin culture is hospitality. Your tent have to be all the time open you know, you will have the best food, the best reception, the best Bedouin tea and my parents are coming in two and half weeks, so you are invited to my place if you have the time. I am very I am serious about it. And Where do you live? San Francisco. You know, my mother sometimes call me like two o clock in the morning because you don't have the day time difference, I said to her I said I am in America, what you need from me two o clock in the morning. In any case so I think because also I want to and many other values you know, respect, mutual respect. We may not agree with each other, we may let me say not accept each other but we have to tolerate, we have to respect and sit down - you know, what, its tribal society. And tribes throughout the years throughout history fought with each other, competed with each other and even in many cases you know, they killed each other. But they ended at the at the end of the road they ended up sitting on one table, making peace, "sulha", I don't know if you know the term, like making "shalom" I know - more than peace, to get you know, strong relation, again trying to fix because there is no other way. So mutual respect is of everything. And I think that when - in the worst cases, the remains of Jewish families came during the 40s, after the holocaust from East Europe, Poland and Romania and other places towards you know Palestine it used to be called then to build their homeland. Bedouins were there, opened their arms right that arm you know, arms, okay I am sorry. And they helped them settle down and you know the relations continued from there, two different worlds by though, there was nothing to do with Israel yet. Jewish people led by Zionist organizations, 1940s - 1930s, 1940s in one side and the other side, Bedouins who are in parts of the Muslim world, parts of the Arab world, part of the Arab cultures. You know try to imagine, if you know the history of that area our area, people who could be at the same time enemies foes, to fight with each other but instead they built strong relationship, very strong, let me say cohesive ties with each other because they were looking for, searching for better future one future, common destiny and common faith. They found themselves on the same boat. Because everybody wanted to live and then what happened? And believe me this is a human story that tells the entire story of the background of the building of the state of Israel as a Jewish state. But also of course in 1948 what happened, Israel was established. And I want to say one thing, I will stop here and say that through that you know, a common feeling or feeling of a common destiny - and probably this is the strongest connection of our ourselves to the state of Israel as you see, and that's the military service. No one can ignore it. 1931 the Haganah was established which is one of the pre state Jewish Military organizations and there were even Bedouins through that common faith and common destiny as I said before fought shoulder to shoulder or shoulder to shoulder against Arab National Movements, against the British Police, it wasn't secret. There wasn't nothing to do with common interests. There was nothing to do with let me say with politics. It's just human thing that both wanted to survive, protect themselves and build a better future. 1948 Israel was established. David Ben-Gurion leaders of the new born Jewish State decided asked one question, what will happen to the Bedouins? Are they going to be a part of the state of Israel, if Israel was established to be a Jewish state only, absorb Jews from all over the world? But remember; go back, Bedouins have shared their effort towards the building of the state of Israel. Now Bedouins were not scientists, were not hi-tech engineers, were not businessmen, they were shepherds, but they have given you know, they gave their part to the state of Israel, to the building of the Jewish settlements before Israel was established. So the decision was to help them settle down, solve our problems social, economic and there are many problems and integrate them into Israeli modern society. I would like always to say - and its true and by the way that's what one of the tough questions that I have had here may be could be funny again, but the people ask me, can a shepherd be a hi-tech engineer? And I will say of course speaking about the Silicon Valley and what we have here, I said of course, first of all if you you can be a diplomat, you can be also a shepherd a hi-tech engineer. It's possible it's possible. Because you know, it's a culture in transition. A culture that of nomads, of a very conservative, very traditional, that can't be you know, over a night part of a modern society. And believe it or not you know, I want to share it with you, that's one of those those are one of the sort of they have here everyday. And I am getting used to it give me time, because I am coming after all from a conservative society, very traditional and being in San Francisco, the Bay area. I tried to combine best in both worlds. And that's what we try to do. You know, on one side of course we are conservative society and Israel for us is modern. And from the beginning of the 1950s you know Israel tried the Israeli governments, the Israeli authorities are trying to do almost the impossible to help us settle down. You know a change of our lifestyles, settle down and leave the tent and leave you know, being shepherds and go to schools and go to University and have medical care and have electricity, you know I ensured the development of brothers and sisters. My mother very well I remember, she used to had to make food for us in tent until eight years I was old in a tent, to make laundry, by you know, by hand. Make washing the dishes and you know its chilling. And I suggest like after may be end of next year after the Presidential election when I leave I will be able to publish my book. So hurried it. And it's so it's a crazy sorry, the world. But it takes time for us to join the modern society, to settle down. And then what happened for us, from the beginning of the 50s until today today I would say 90 percent of the Bedouins are settled. But still we have to go a long way when it comes to education, only a few of us have for many reasons, economic reasons and many other reasons we couldn't go to school not we though a few of us who went were lucky I would say, I went to college and went to University, went back to the community to be teachers, to be you know, social workers, kindergarten teachers and that's it. And in a way our joining the Israeli society, it has taken us time but it's possible. I think today if we look here on the American society, the American natives, Indian tribes in America are in the same situation like us may be look, I don't want to go about the numbers may be different, but the same situations. Tribal society trying to be part of the modern society and that takes time. I want to tell you a little joke but its true, believe me. I have a team of nieces and nephews. One of my nieces, she is seven years old, she have no English, couldn't speak of course English, but we have you know, her parents have a dish satellite and she watch CNN and Fox News and MTV and all of these things. I am mentioning MTV you know why, because you know, Britney Spears from Louisiana, the singer, the music you know, one of her clips very well I know and every time I was going to back to see the family, she would come and dance. She was doing the same she know the words by heart, but not even of the word, she understand. I hope she wont dress the same and shave the head, the same and that's a different story. So definitely influence there influences there. Well, it has taken us time you know, to settle down. It has taken us time to get used to the you know, to the modern world. My parents two and half years, I am sorry - ago when I had you know my first laptop, I am speaking about only two and a half years ago, not a long time ago, my laptop, they couldn't understand what is this machine is. They couldn't understand what is a laptop, a computer. So that's the more or less. And again I think that the Israeli government is trying to do almost the impossible, I am not saying like you know, enough but the impossible to help us go to school and go to university. But it's not always possible because still I think we are very suspicious I would say when it comes to join in modern society. Everyone who want to go to school and the University and have electricity and have washing machine and wash their shirt dish washer I am sorry, because it helps. But you know, modernity also on the same time means to have my future kid at the middle of the night go to the internet and let me say, looking for porn sites and all of these things, I am sorry I don't be part of modernity you know. So try to imagine, there is a kind of a clash. So that's more or less the situation. And I think Israel and believe you know what, one more thing. I joined the Foreign Service two and half years ago. I am trying to find ways you know, to describe the whole story and you know there are many stories in my basket but I will choose the best ones. So there was kind of a year one year we were waiting, being you know, cold bureaucracy in our back in Israel, until we started our training. So I had nothing to do, just have to wait, from a month to another month and what happened is that they invited me I was invited here to come to the States to speak about what's happening in Israel, about you know, the political situation and of course that was you know the years of Intifada. And I came may be eleven times to America and was taking Greyhound buses from coast to coast, all the way, east and west and I know may be more than average view about Nebraska, about Louisiana, about Texas and as a nomad that tells me moving. And I was speaking you know, to all over. And spoke in Canada, I went to Canada twice. To Australia even, I went twice to Australia, all the way and to England. And believe me, I can't tell and again, I am not that speaking as diplomat. You know I can't tell you that Israel is perfect and it's the Angel Gabriel and everything is fine, I am not going to say that, but I am going to tell the truth. The truth sometimes may be painful for us it's painful for some people. But I can tell you like when it's coming for I've seen the west enough. And I am the one who believe me, who coming from that little village can tell you that when it comes to democracy, when it comes let me say to, treating minorities, when it comes to a pluralism, we went way far too much pluralism. When it's coming to a freedom of expression, when it's coming to freedom of a faith in a religion, religion practicing, believe me, I can tell you with my full respect that the America and the entire world can learn from Israel experience, not only the Arab counties nearby, not only the the developing countries but the America and the entire west. Again I am not speaking because I represent Israel. Because I am coming here to you know, to represent Israeli interests. Its part of my mandate. But also part you know to bring you know, to tell you really what's going on there. We are not perfect state, we have so many problems but also at the same time it's important to bring this message, to deliver to people that I am not speaking about leading the entire world the entire world, when it comes to medical innovations, when it's coming to hi-tech innovations. Go south from here to the Silicon Valley, now it's very developing up in Seattle you know, leading companies leading companies are Israelis, creating jobs for Americans, for the people here. You know if people would only know that the little chip that operates your little computer, that your laptop was developed back in Israel. In Intel I am sorry, in Intel. That's about the computers. But it's my Biotech and more and more, I am putting this into there is no you know, no argument about that. But when you are coming to so many values you know, I always like to say that Israel is about two things; innovation and people people and innovation. You know the the combination of diverse country, of different religions, different backgrounds, different colors, different languages, different religions okay, with the same ethnicities and of course with this comes the food, the music, it's just amazing. But on the other side you know, they are leading the world with Intel and the medical development and science, I think it can it put us Israel, on the forefront of I don't want to exaggerate and say that moving the entire world for for a modern era, but that's more or less the situation. Now still, I think we are we have very long to go. You know Israel is not a perfect perfect place. It's not a perfect country. You know many people are coming and saying, okay you are speaking to you know what, I want to share it with you also. One of the very tough questions I have had here. "How come that someone like myself who is a Muslim or a Bedouin coming I was sent sent you know, I didn't come by myself, I was chosen, I was sent here and Bedouins and we we are not forced to go anywhere. We go wherever we want to go. And how come how come, yeah how come that I was sent a thousand of miles to this area to educate Israeli equality, Israeli let me say, democracy, while back home as you know, by being a minority and my brothers and sisters, I am not entitled to that. Who told you that? You know I am hearing those questions and I think it's very sad. I think again there are problems. To tell you the truth in there are so many problems. You know there are many problems even with the Israeli Jewish society if you want to make the distinctions. Jews who immigrated to Israel from a let me say the Arab countries who make immigrated from Europe, immigrated from East Europe, may be from Russia and from America and from South American and when you think I think it's cultural, ethnic thing that oh, you know the clashes there. It you know, it's there. And of course when it comes to us not Jewish in Israel, it's also another problem. It doesn't mean that you know there is something against us only because we are a minority, we are not Jewish minority, while Israel is a Jewish state. I think it's wrong, it's not fair, it's not right. So you know that's more or less and I think we have very long to go, I think that I would see I will see my future kids and kids of my neighbor who is a Kazeed, a Jewish also orthodox, religious and the one who is a secular Jewish secular in the future we will all be proud Israelis despite their backgrounds, despite their religions, their colors if you want to make distinction, their languages, the religions and much and believe me I think I am lucky also for one reason to be here. Two things one thing is the weather and also and also you know the diverse I am seeing a lot of people who came from Asia the Asians and people who came from South America and many other places, so many similarities of this part of California, of America and the state of Israel. And we can share so many things, endless, food and music and I have some ideas you know, to start with. Only after it will take me time and to settle down I have to settle down for it and feel at home, what we call it and then we will do may be festivals food festivals, music festivals. One of things I was thinking about you know like may be Saturday's if you won't keep your [0:36:00] ____. To do you know, to do you look a to do a Rikudei Am it's what the folk dancing for free. I am ready to bring someone from Israel to you know, this is the place and so many things. We are not different from San Francisco and the Bay area. But again in my shoulders there is a role and moral responsibility to break, to come and talk and speak and teach and educate even if it's for one person, for one high school kid okay or a class. It can add you know, a little to their background, I am ready to do it. I want to tour up with you may be for you if needed, believe me and I am for responsible for my words, wherever you need me I will come and talk and come and speak. Many people may not understand you know the background and the situation. But I am ready to come and talk and speak. I just had to tell you something because being in this area, I remember very well, four years ago that I came, I took a bus from Chicago I think down to Wyoming Shayan Wyoming and then I took a Greyhound bus and down to Colorado and then came all the way here, through Utah well you know it's a long way. And I went to visit a friend up in California State University in Chico, a Professor. And he it was in February and I remember the class called introduction to Judaism. And I spoke to the class - there were about may be 60, 65 students. One of the students one of the students came with a t-shirt - you know the title was what did you write about my title he was a pluralist or something like that okay that title there was being not Jewish in a Jewish state - in Jewish country or something like that. 60 65 probably students were there. One of the students came with a t-shirt with Swastika on it, that symbol. This is America and you know for me this can never happen in Israel. This can never happen in any other place. To me you know, let me put it this way yeah I was a guest there. I wouldn't of course expect that to happen. And I couldn't do anything, I couldn't say anything. But you know what, when I finished I spoke to the Professor now the students said nothing. No one of them opened their mouth. And even the teacher the Professor would say nothing. When I asked him he said, look and he was someone who spent some time in Israel, teaching on a sabbatical you know, it's one year. And he said, look this is America, what can you do. America, home the brave, the land of the free. Live free or die freedom of expression, my friends I am telling this is in excitement. When you have giving you know, the such an opportunity for someone and you know, the values you know what that symbol is and what does it mean? It's very sad, I don't want to say - you know, I am the only last one to judge American freedom. I am the last one to judge American values and American you know, virtues okay. But I think you know, may be the younger generation here in America, someone have to tap on their head, to teach them two things. First of all you know, even the too much liberalization, too much freedom, too much freedom of expression. Not to have to be limited, we have to know to differentiate, know what gravity, what's our limits, what can we do, what can we not do. This is one thing. On the other side and that's your responsibility you know I think history won't tolerate you sorry for being blunt, if you let it just go. Teach the younger generation, American generation here that you know there is a world outside. And there is the Middle East. Teach your fellow Americans the ones who went to Iraq, the one that met in at the military institute in Monterey. Teach them about Islam if you can. Teach them about the Arab world; teach them about the Israel, about the Jewish world, about the history of the place. Tell them do not judge anyone, tell them to know you know to go two steps behind the media and and exactly how the our state was built, and really what's the history. I would be wrong I would be I think making a mistake if I all the time will knock on the table and tell, listen Israel is Angel Gabriel, it's a perfect country, everything is fine and you know - no. You know the situation is totally different. We are not a perfect country. But today being the only democracy in the Middle East, being you know a country which is struggling even today unfortunately, fighting for its right to exist, okay, for its right to exist to be recognized that its there, just from the neighbors and I am a Muslim, I am not Jewish and probably not big Zionist, okay by the neighbors, my fellow Muslim brothers if you want, and I think that brotherhood is based on common faith and common destiny, not on religion, not on color, not on all of these other scales. That you know, Jordanians would recognize Israel's right to exist. Lebanese, Syrians and everybody, that's everything. If you watch the news, unfortunately it's not covered here very well well, I think it is now, I am sorry. Okay and you know that there is a and till today innocent people, on Monday Tuesday I am sorry Tuesday, because some rocket being hit from a, by a militia Hamas, terrorist organization in my eyes, into Israeli school. Okay outside you know there is a problem. We know there is a problem. But hit try to imagine, on a school to the next class, almost empty, no one is there, the second class, just another class the room right classroom next, full of kids twelve, thirteen kids try to imagine, just try to imagine, is that rocket by mistake just two minutes, I am sorry I don't like two steps went to right side it will fall on to that what would happen? I am myself trying to imagine what would be the Israeli reaction to that thing. And we so that bring probably to the last you know, notice I will do here. That and I part of the Israeli society. Israel is trying since its rights establishment in 1948, to make peace, reconciliation, settlement with the neighbors, Arab countries, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and more and you know it's not going to happen tomorrow morning. I don't think it's going to be - even if superman comes, it will be a love story tomorrow morning. It's got to take time it takes time, what can we do? But the urge ness is there. Israel we as Israelis want to see the Palestinians probably this is the heart of the problem today of our political problems, see the Palestinians living in dignity in their own state and it's their you know, almost okay there is a Palestinian state there is a Palestinian and it's not entity, and not a Palestinian authority. We want them to live well they deserve it. But we want at the same time to see one leadership responsible leadership, okay, who can negotiate and speak and be responsible to the to the agreements that we strike together, Israel and the Palestinians. And of course it should not be the Hamas. It should not be the Islamic Jihad who we know they are calling, like time after time, day after day to the eliminating of the state of Israel, to the wiping Israel out of the map and building or establishing an Islamic independent state on the remains with the state of Israel. You know, Islam I am a Muslim; Islam doesn't call for those three things. Everything can be solved only through negotiations. [0:44:16] ahl kitab illa billa ____. This is what Islam calls. Don't argue with others with other people of the book it's called but by the Bismis and by Bismis is is negotiations. So we want to work and we want to we of course want you know, no one would decide for the Palestinians who will be the leaders Hamas, Islamic Jihad. The democracy will decide. We won't accept that someone who wants to wipe me out of the map, someone who wants to eliminate me to I am not ready. Of course that's our- this is Israeli position. We want to work with the moderates and I believe that 90 percent of the Palestinians, okay 90 percent of the Palestinians want to make looking for future, better you know, economic welfare. Because you know, fundamentalism and and economic welfare can go together and so on. And I want to make it just short and jump of course to the Lebanon, the same thing we want to see in the northern front. Lebanon is - our neighbor in the north. We don't want to see the [0:45:23] ____ you know, in Yiddish that's missed, that's [0:45:26] ____ where you know there is we know don't know who is responsible if that's the Lebanese government - if that's the Lebanese government, if that's the Hezbollah, if that's the Syrian, who is really you know, controlling that area, we don't want to sit we want to see Lebanon as under one flag, one government we can talk to. Same thing of course we want to make settlement with Syria, peace with Jordan we have, with Egypt we have but more and more and more. I want to keep a whole - despite the anguish and despite believe me the anger, and there is anger, let me pace it that we can really negotiate, we can sit and a new dawn you know, the word dawn will arise over Israel not only Israel but the entire region. It will take time I know, but it's possible, the mission is not going to be easy. I want to say that a I don't have a dream, but I want to see its reality. That my kids, kids of the Palestinians in West Bank and Syrians and the Lebanese will all one day can you know, no borders, like Europe, have coffee with each other, have food with each other. And that I know that you are trying to stop me out. So I am sorry. I promise you the story, the Crocodile Dundee story, but I will leave it for next year, buy the book. Okay thank you very much.